Some of my lemons for this past year. Meyer is what I grow the most of, but I also grow softball-sized Ponderosa and football-sized Etrog (the nubby one in the bottom right picture). I recently happened across a spot on tv where a man who makes healthy juice concoctions on the streets of Jerusalem said the most important juice of all was that of the Etrog so I researched it. Appears that the Etrog, aka the Persian Apple, is prized in the mid-east for its medicinal qualities. With over 70 medicinal chemicals, it is used for its juice and zest in cooking. Cultivated back in 4000 BC, it was also known as the Paradise Apple as it was believed to be the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden. Today, it is used in the Jewish festival of Sukkot. I know very little about keeping kosher, but in reading about Etrog (pronounced atrog) the fruit has to be unblemished, grown from actual tree, not a seed or cutting, and in fields that are watched over under strict observation by rabbis. The lemon therefore must be used from a tree called/considered Hadar, named in the Torah from the days of Moses. Wow!
Known for an antidote for snakebite, a cure for seasickness, and used as an antibiotic in times past, some other lemon remedies are used for:
Reduction of body fat
mouth ulcers and throat infections
Lemons have also proved to be a blessing for mountaineers. In the case of insufficient oxygen or difficulty in breathing, lemon comes to the rescue. Sir Edmund Hillary has admitted that his victory over Mount Everest was greatly due to lemon.
I think I'll grow more Etrogs this year.